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Art Class

Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT)
by Dr. E. Paul Torrance

TTCT was developed to identify and evaluate an individual’s creative potential at any point in their life, from Kindergarten through Adulthood. Torrance had always been interested in children’s creativity and wanted to help them fulfill their potential. To do this, the first step was to define creativity and develop creativity measurement.

E. Paul Torrance

Creativity defined by Torrance

Torrance defined creativity as "a process whereby one becomes aware of problems, difficulties, gaps in information, missing elements, and disharmonies for which he has no learned solution; searches for clues in the situation and in existing knowledge; formulates hypotheses or possible alternative solutions; tests these hypotheses, modifies and retests them; and communicates the results" (Torrance, 1968, p. 10).

Torrance, E. P. (1968). Minnesota Studies of Creative Behavior: 1958-1966. The Creativity Research Institute of the Richardson Foundation, Inc.

ttct test book cover1adj_edited_edited.jpg


The TTCT-Figural is scored on:

  • Fluency

  • Originality

  • Elaboration

  • Abstractness of Titles

  • Resistance to Premature Closure

  • 13 Creative Strengths



The TTCT-Verbal is scored on:

  • Fluency

  • Originality

  • Flexibility


Never-ending encouragement with Torrance's autograph found in his book Gifted Children in the Classroom, archived at the Torrance Center at the University of Georgia.

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